One of the common injuries that can be acquired in sports or strenuous exercise is the high ankle sprain or syndesmotic ankle sprain. This oftentimes occurs if the ligaments that connect the fibula and the tibia are stretched to the extent that they are torn. Compared to normal sprain, where the tendons and ligaments were simply stretched, in high ankle sprain, these tendons and ligaments are torn, causing severe ankle pain. The main reason for high ankle sprain is the outward twisting of the ankle and foot.
Syndesmotic ligaments are in charge of the proper position of the ankle joint. These ligaments are important to keep the proper position of ankle joints. High ankle joints accidents, however, occur less than ankle sprains. But their symptoms are almost the same.
Like all sprains, pain is the main symptom. One may experience severe pain in the ankle that gets worse every time pressure is applied to the injured foot. The pain can also be so severe that it can hurt up to the knee. Bruise can also be seen on the affected foot. Small blood vessels are torn and ruptured, thus, bruise is produced. Blood clots appear to the injured part and are often bluish black.
Oftentimes the affected area of the foot swells. This is brought about by the bleeding and tearing of the ligaments in the ankle. The pain of the swelling, however, can differ depending on the intensity of the injury. Also, moving can be difficult since the normal structure of the foot has been changed due to the torn ligaments. These types of sprains can cause instability and the affected foot cannot give proper support.
High ankle sprain comes in three degrees and can be classified depending on the severity of the symptoms and the damage in the ligaments. Before any treatment is done, the doctor may perform different tests first to find out the condition of the foot and possible fracture. Once diagnosed, the doctor may prescribe drugs to reduce the pain and inflammation. Protection-Rest-Ice compress-Rest (P.R.I.C.E) is said to be the best treatment for it. For the third degree sprain, the doctor may suggest surgery to put back the bones on their original position and may require bed rest after the operation.
High ankle sprain recovery varies from one person to another depending on the severity of the sprain and the reaction of the patient to the treatment. To avoid sprain or any ankle injury, do not over stress your feet and do not over exert on exercise and tasks.